Editor’s note: This is a recurring post, regularly updated with new information.
The holidays are a distant memory, and it’s just, well, winter in the U.S. First there was the cyclone bomb and now with prevailing icy winds and frigid temperatures comes the call of azure waters and sandy beaches, perhaps with a margarita and a taco.
And while Mexico plays the winter card very well, it turns out winter isn’t always the best time to go to Mexico.
The ideal time to visit Mexico for good weather — it depends
Don’t be mistaken, it’s a great time to head south. But Mexico is a land of microclimates and its topography is one of the most diverse in the world. You could be on the beach in the morning and, by evening, be bundled in a blanket sipping a hot mug of Chiapan hot chocolate up in the highlands. So the answer to the question, “when is the best time to go to Mexico?” is simple: it depends.
“The best time to go to Mexico is dependent on the location within Mexico,” said Zachary Rabinor, CEO of Journey Mexico, a luxury destination management company specializing in highly customized Mexico vacations. “Remember that Mexico is a giant country. The best time to visit is very much dependent on destination, location and time of year.”
Mexico has more than 5,800 miles of beaches, but the interior is made up of desert, jungle lowlands, highlands and mountains that surpass 18,000 feet above sea level. To make it easy, we have broken down the best times to go to Mexico, depending on all of those factors Rabinor described, and more.
The best time to go to Mexico City
Surrounded by mountains, at an altitude of 7,300 feet, Mexico City enjoys temperate weather year round. As long as you dress well and prepare for inclement weather, it’s a great destination regardless of the season. Summer is the rainy season with temperatures reaching around 80 degrees Fahrenheit and afternoon downpours a common occurrence from June through October. From December through March, winter brings light jacket weather with temperatures dropping to the 40-degree Fahrenheit range at night.
Mexico’s answer to cherry blossom season occurs late February through March, when the city’s purple jacaranda trees begin to bloom.
The best time to go hiking in the mountains
The Sierra Madre mountain range essentially runs the entirety of the country north to south, down the center. The mountains extend approximately 700 miles from northwest to southeast, with summits on average above 6,000 feet and many peaks reaching 10,000 feet.
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The climate here typically features cool nights and dry days. There is a rainy season, from June through October, but the mountain topography tends to mitigate it so that it is less intense than in lower-lying regions.
You should visit the mountains if you’re interested in adventure travel, including trekking, climbing, mountain biking and hiking. The best time to visit would be the dry season to maximize the outdoor time, but you’re risking lower temperatures.
The best time for exploring the Lowlands
Mexico’s lowland jungles, like the Lacandón jungle, which stretches from the southern state of Chiapas into the Yucatán peninsula and down to Guatemala, has a much more tropical, rainforest-style climate compared to the mountains. The lowlands have more intense rainy seasons from June through October, as well as a treacherous hurricane season, from mid-August through mid-October.
Visitors to the lowlands will be exploring the jungles of Chiapas and its archaeological sites, such as Palenque or Bonampak, the national wildlife preserve within the state of Campeche or the Mayan sites within the Yucatán or Quintana Roo states. The best time to visit the lowlands is in the winter, when it will still be hot and humid, but much drier compared to the summer.
The best time to visit the Northwest and Baja Peninsula
These two regions, while different in topography, are similar in climate. The Northwest is a mountainous plateau that stretches down to the desert region encompassing destinations like San Miguel de Allende, Querétaro, Guanajuato, Copper Canyon and Mazatlán.
The Baja peninsula, across the Sea of Cortez, is a desert-style environment similar to southern California. This region is much cooler, especially in the winter. The best time to visit is June through October, when the destination will be drier. But beware of hurricane season in Baja, which is susceptible to severe storms.
The best time to visit Cancun, Tulum and the Riviera Maya
The absolute best time to visit the Riviera Maya hotspots of Cancun and Tulum is after hurricane season, specifically November, when the weather switches to the dry season, and lasts until around March or April. This is when the coast is at its most beautiful, with lower humidity, warm days and cooler nights. Unfortunately, this is when the rest of the world is also heading to Mexico’s coast, so you’ll find more crowds and higher hotel rates.
The summer on the coast is hot and humid, oppressively so. However, this is when you’re most likely to get beaches all to yourself and insane hotel rates to boot.
The best time to go to Puerto Vallarta and Pacific Coast
Similar to Cancun, the southwestern coast of Oaxaca and up the entire Pacific Coast of the country through Acapulco to Puerto Vallarta, are travel hotspots during the dry winter and spring season from late November through April.
In the summer you can expect higher humidity and more rain. The sultry summer months, in contrast, are a bargain hunter’s dream, as long as you don’t mind the heat and more frequent rainy days.
The best times to visit Mexico to avoid the crowds
Even though Mexico is a vast and spread-out country, there tends to be uniformity, for the most part, when it comes to crowds. A general rule of thumb is that school holidays, like Christmas, Easter and the summer months are when both international as well as Mexican families like to travel, so hotels tend to be crowded. Mexico has a lot of national holidays — many more than the U.S. — So it’s a good idea to consult this list of public holidays to know if you’re traveling over a Mexican vacation time.
The cities, like Mexico City, Guadalajara, Guanajuato, San Luis Potosí and Querétaro, work under a different set of rules. Weekdays will be more crowded, especially at the hotels, as this is peak business travel time. The weekends in the major cities will have fewer crowds and better hotel rates. That said, weekends are also when international travelers are jetting in for short visits.
March and April also tend to be crowded with spring breakers and during Semana Santa (the week leading up to Easter and one of the most celebrated times among Mexicans), leaving beach destinations packed to near gridlock status.
Shoulder season — May, June, September and October — are a bit rainier and more humid, but will have the fewest crowds, so if you’re planning a trip to the coast consider these months. This is also when you’ll get the best hotel deals.
The best time to go to Mexico for whale watching
The Sea of Cortez is one of Earth’s most biologically diverse locations, a sanctuary for some 1,000 species of fish and sea mammals and some 5,000 species of marine invertebrates, much of it protected as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
From December to March, several species of whales migrate to the warm waters of the Gulf of California. Tour boats allow for close encounters with eight different species of whales, including orca, humpback, gray and blue whales.
In towns such as Guerrero Negro, where gray whales migrate from northern seas to give birth from January through April, the whale watching is outstanding.
The cheapest times to visit Mexico
Theories abound that certain days are better for finding flight deals. According to Hayley Berg, leading economist at booking app Hopper, that’s a myth which can be applied to less than 2% of routes and there really is no golden rule of when to book.
That said, for flights to Mexico, and really any international destination, it’s safe to say that booking early will save you money, with three to five months before travel being the sweet spot. Booking midweek will also likely yield more availability and therefore more economical fares.
Hotel rates will soar during major holidays (especially Christmas and Easter) as well as June through August when children are out of school. Right after the holidays and at the tail end of August are generally when demand drops off and prices are more palatable. September is the peak of hurricane season and hotel rates will certainly reflect that.
When to visit Mexico for events
As mentioned earlier, Mexico is a country that loves to celebrate, and has a ton of public holidays on which to do so. There are festivals all throughout the year and some of them are pretty spectacular. Keep in mind, festivals tend to be the most expensive and most crowded times to visit, but you’ll be in for some remarkable memories.
In the days from Christmas to New Year’s, Mexico is in full holiday mode. The best New Year’s Eve parties are in Mexico City, Puerto Vallarta, Playa del Carmen, San Miguel de Allende and Los Cabos. While it is one of the most expensive (and crowded) times to be in Mexico, New Year’s is certainly one of the most colorful and explosive holidays, as it is in most parts of the world.
Each winter, millions of monarch butterflies make the journey from Canada and the US to Mexico for their annual migration. Their final resting spot is among the oyamel fir trees in the state of Michoacán, around the month of February. It is one of the most spectacular sights to behold as massive swaths of brilliant orange flicker across the blue winter sky, turning the forests of Michoacán into a veritable fairyland.
Caveat: Michoacán has a history of cartel activity and the State Department has issued a Level 4 (do not travel) warning for that state. While travelers usually will not have a problem, it is best to consult an expert or local destination management company to get the most recent update on the situation, or through which to organize your travel. Journey Mexico, for example, can be an excellent resource.
Easter time (and the week leading up to it) is one of the holiest times in Mexico. Semana Santa — as the Holy Week is called — is when thousands of Mexicans make pilgrimages or take their holidays. The festivals are marked with parades, music, street food and cathedrals that are packed to the gills.
Contrary to popular belief, Cinco de Mayo is not Mexican Independence Day. (It’s actually not even that big of a holiday, and few places in Mexico celebrate it.) The real Mexican Independence Day falls over Sept. 15 and 16, and celebrations, fireworks and parties are held all across the country.
For many lovers of Mexico, a visit to a Day of the Dead celebration is a veritable rite of passage, as it should be. One of the most sacred holidays in Mexico, Day of the Dead celebrates and honors ancestors who have passed on. Cemeteries flood with relatives who pray by candlelight and adorn the graves with bright orange flowers. In many cities like Mexico City, Puerto Vallarta, Mazatlán, Oaxaca and San Miguel de Allende, there are boisterous parades with colorful puppets, masked characters and lots of face paint and flowers.
The bottom line
There’s no wrong time to visit Mexico. No matter the time of year there is a destination that is coming into its prime. “Overall,” Rabinor told TPG, “it’s dependent on weather, crowds, rates and what you’re looking for.”